A camel is a large and strong desert animal. Popularly, known as ‘Ship of the Desert’, camels can travel great distances across the vast expanse of the hot and dry sandy areas, with practically no food and water for days. There are two species of camels namely, Dromedary, with one hump and the Bactrian with two humps. Camels serve people living in such areas in various ways. They carry people and heavy loads as no other means of transportation can exist in deserts. They can be milked which is usually consumed fresh for the production of yoghurt or cheese. Apart from this, camel’s wool is used for making rugs and clothes. To know more about this fascinating sturdy animal, read the interesting and amazing facts given below.
Species: Camelus Bactrianous and Camelus Dromedarius
Height (males): 6 to 7 feet
Weight (males): 500 - 600 kg
Weight (females): 400 to 500 kg
Natural Habitat: Throughout the World
Diet: Herbivorous (Thorny Plants, dry grasses, saltbush)
Number of Teeth: 34
Age: 50 years
Age of Maturity (females): 3 years
Age of Maturity (males): 6 years
Gestation Period: 406 days (around 13 - 14 months)
Number of Offspring: 8
Interesting & Amazing information about Camels
A female camel is called a cow, a male camel is called a bull and a baby camel is called a calf.
The hump on the camel’s back is a lump of fat.
Camels do not chew the food and swallow it instead. They regurgitate and chew the cud later.
Camels shed their coat each year.
Camels have two layers of thick eyelashes to protect them from the dust.
Camels have paddy hoofs, with two toes to protect them from sinking in the sand.
Baby camels are born without a hump
Camels have three chambers in their stomach.
Camels can eat thorny twigs without hurting its mouth.
Camels can live without water for days and even months.
A camel can drink about 200 liters of water in a day.
The body temperature of the camel rises during the day and cools off during the night.
Camels can close their nostrils or leave a small opening to prevent sand from entering inside.
Camel’s ears are very small and hairy but their hearing power is very strong.